Fairfield, California

Coordinates: 38°15′28″N 122°3′15″W / 38.25778°N 122.05417°W / 38.25778; -122.05417
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Fairfield
The Fairfield Arch
The Fairfield Arch
Official seal of Fairfield
Location of Fairfield in Solano County, California.
Location of Fairfield in Solano County, California.
Fairfield is located in California
Fairfield
Fairfield
Location in California
Fairfield is located in the United States
Fairfield
Fairfield
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°15′28″N 122°3′15″W / 38.25778°N 122.05417°W / 38.25778; -122.05417
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySolano
IncorporatedDecember 12, 1903[1]
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager[2]
 • City Council[5]Mayor Catherine Moy
Vice-Mayor Pam Bertani (District 6)
K. Patrice Williams (District 1)
Scott Tonnesen (District 2)
Doug Carr (District 3)
Rick Vaccaro (District 4)
Doriss Panduro (District 5)
 • State senatorBill Dodd (D)[3]
 • AssemblymemberLori Wilson (D)[3]
 • U. S. rep.John Garamendi (D)[4]
Area
 • Total41.39 sq mi (107.21 km2)
 • Land41.14 sq mi (106.55 km2)
 • Water0.26 sq mi (0.66 km2)  0.62%
Elevation13 ft (4 m)
Population
 • Total119,881
 • Rank2nd in Solano County
53rd in California
 • Density2,900/sq mi (1,100/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes[9]
94533–94535
Area code707
FIPS code06-23182
GNIS feature IDs1656005, 2410474
Websitewww.fairfield.ca.gov

Fairfield is a city in and the county seat of Solano County, California, United States, in the North Bay sub-region of the San Francisco Bay Area.

The city has a diversified economy, with government, manufacturing, healthcare, retail, professional and commercial construction sectors.[10]

Fairfield was founded in 1856 by clipper ship captain Robert H. Waterman, and named after his former hometown of Fairfield, Connecticut. [11]

It is the location of Travis Air Force Base and the headquarters of Jelly Belly. The population was 119,881 at the 2020 census.

History[edit]

A clipper ship captain from Fairfield, Connecticut, named Robert H. Waterman, parceled out the town in 1856.[12] He entered Fairfield in the race for Solano County seat in 1858, and won it from Benicia. As an inducement, he granted 16 acres (6.5 ha) of land for the construction of county buildings. In 1903, Fairfield was incorporated as a city.

In August 2020, parts of Fairfield were evacuated due to the LNU Lighting Complex Fires, which resulted in the burning of over 315,000 acres (127,476 ha) in five counties, including in nearby Vacaville.[13]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.6 square miles (97 km2), of which, 34.4 square miles (89 km2) of it is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) of it is water. The total area is 5.65% water.

Located within the California Coastal Ranges, the city is centered directly north of the Suisun Bay and northeast of the San Pablo Bay. Much of the Suisun Bay contains the Suisun Marsh, the largest saltwater marsh on the west coast of the United States.

Climate[edit]

Fairfield has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa). Summers have hot afternoons with cool nights with a lengthy dry period, whereas winters see frequent rainfall with mild to cool temperatures.

Climate data for Fairfield, California, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1950–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
80
(27)
89
(32)
98
(37)
111
(44)
111
(44)
114
(46)
111
(44)
117
(47)
104
(40)
87
(31)
78
(26)
117
(47)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 66.8
(19.3)
72.8
(22.7)
78.9
(26.1)
87.2
(30.7)
93.6
(34.2)
102.8
(39.3)
104.1
(40.1)
103.7
(39.8)
100.8
(38.2)
92.5
(33.6)
78.2
(25.7)
67.3
(19.6)
106.7
(41.5)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 56.6
(13.7)
61.6
(16.4)
66.4
(19.1)
71.3
(21.8)
77.8
(25.4)
85.4
(29.7)
89.6
(32.0)
89.2
(31.8)
86.9
(30.5)
78.2
(25.7)
65.6
(18.7)
56.7
(13.7)
73.8
(23.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 48.5
(9.2)
52.2
(11.2)
55.9
(13.3)
59.6
(15.3)
65.0
(18.3)
70.8
(21.6)
73.8
(23.2)
73.6
(23.1)
71.7
(22.1)
65.2
(18.4)
55.4
(13.0)
48.4
(9.1)
61.7
(16.5)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 40.4
(4.7)
42.9
(6.1)
45.4
(7.4)
47.9
(8.8)
52.2
(11.2)
56.1
(13.4)
57.9
(14.4)
58.0
(14.4)
56.6
(13.7)
52.3
(11.3)
45.2
(7.3)
40.1
(4.5)
49.6
(9.8)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 30.8
(−0.7)
34.4
(1.3)
36.8
(2.7)
39.0
(3.9)
44.7
(7.1)
48.9
(9.4)
52.3
(11.3)
52.8
(11.6)
49.3
(9.6)
44.4
(6.9)
35.8
(2.1)
29.9
(−1.2)
28.2
(−2.1)
Record low °F (°C) 18
(−8)
24
(−4)
29
(−2)
29
(−2)
35
(2)
39
(4)
40
(4)
40
(4)
39
(4)
32
(0)
21
(−6)
15
(−9)
15
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.68
(119)
4.97
(126)
3.31
(84)
1.47
(37)
0.74
(19)
0.19
(4.8)
0.00
(0.00)
0.03
(0.76)
0.08
(2.0)
1.11
(28)
2.55
(65)
5.40
(137)
24.53
(623)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.4 10.0 9.4 5.1 3.2 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.6 2.7 6.5 10.1 59
Source: NOAA[14](September record high)[15]

[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1870329
188042428.9%
1910834
19201,00820.9%
19301,13112.2%
19401,31216.0%
19503,118137.7%
196014,968380.1%
197044,146194.9%
198058,09931.6%
199077,21132.9%
200096,17824.6%
2010105,3219.5%
2020119,88113.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

2020[edit]

According to the 2020 United States Census, Fairfield had a population of 119,881.[18] The population density was 2,882.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,112.9/km2). During the period between 2017 and 2021, on average, 3.16 people lived in a household. The racial makeup of Fairfield is 42.2% White, 15.9% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 17.7% Asian, 1.2% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, and 12.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 29.3%. Non-Hispanic White was 29.0%.

Approximately one-quarter of Fairfield's population is under the age of 18 (25.3%). People who were 65 years or older constituted 13.0% of the population.

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[19] reported that Fairfield had a population of 105,322. The population density was 2,798.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,080.5/km2). The racial makeup of Fairfield was 48,407 (46.0%) White, 16,586 (15.7%) African American, 869 (0.8%) Native American, 15,700 (14.9%) Asian (9.1% Filipino, 1.8% Indian, 1.0% Chinese, 0.6% Vietnamese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.4% Korean, 0.3% Laotian, 0.2% Thai, 0.1% Pakistani), 1,149 (1.1%) Pacific Islander, 13,301 (12.6%) from other races, and 9,309 (8.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28,789 persons (27.3%); 21.2% of Fairfield was Mexican, 1.1% Puerto Rican, 1.0% Salvadoran, 0.5% Nicaraguan, 0.3% Guatemalan, 0.2% Cuban, and 0.2% Peruvian.

The Census reported that 102,832 people (97.6% of the population) lived in households, 1,221 (1.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,268 (1.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 34,484 households, out of which 14,725 (42.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 18,461 (53.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,203 (15.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,179 (6.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,052 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 237 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,802 households (19.7%) were made up of individuals, and 2,500 (7.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98. There were 25,843 families (74.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.42.

The population was spread out, with 28,499 people (27.1%) under the age of 18, 11,246 people (10.7%) aged 18 to 24, 28,917 people (27.5%) aged 25 to 44, 25,884 people (24.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,775 people (10.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

There were 37,184 housing units at an average density of 988.0 per square mile (381.5/km2), of which 20,835 (60.4%) were owner-occupied, and 13,649 (39.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.1%. 61,652 people (58.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 41,180 people (39.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

Downtown

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 96,178 people, 30,870 households, and 24,016 families residing in the city. The population density was 986.3/km2 (2,554.2/mi2). There were 31,792 housing units at an average density of 326.0/km2 (844.3/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 56.21% White, 15.02% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 10.89% Asian, 0.93% Pacific Islander, 8.77% from other races, and 7.41% from two or more races. 18.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 30,870 households, out of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% were non-families. 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.8% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,151, and the median income for a family was $55,503. Males had a median income of $38,544 versus $30,616 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,617. 9.3% of the population and 7.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 12.1% of those under the age of 18 and 5.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Economy[edit]

Jelly Belly Candy Company

\

C-17A Globemaster III at Travis Air Force Base

Fairfield has a diversified economy, with government, manufacturing, healthcare, retail, professional and commercial construction sectors.[10]Anheuser-Busch operates a large regional Budweiser brewery, Clorox produces bleach products, and the Jelly Belly Candy Company manufactures its jelly beans in Fairfield.[10] Partnership HealthPlan of California, an insurer, is based in Fairfield.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2021-2022 Popular Annual Financial Report,[21] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Travis Air Force Base 13,414
2 County of Solano 2,633
3 Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District 2,213
4 Northbay Healthcare 1,969
5 Solano Community College 750
6 Partnership HealthPlan of California 561
7 City of Fairfield 553
8 Jelly Belly Candy Company 489
9 Sutter Regional Medical Foundation 475
10 Westamerica Bancorporation 418

Arts and culture[edit]

Solano County Library in Fairfield

The city's libraries are operated by Solano County Library, and include Fairfield Civic Center Library, and Fairfield Cordelia Library.[22]

Annual festivals include a Tomato and Vine Festival, 4th of July, and Día de los Muertos.

The City Council appoints a Poet Laureate every two years.[23] The Poet Laureate's role is to advocate for poetry and the advancement of literary arts in the community.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Recreation facilities and parks include Community Center, Adult Recreation Center, the Allan Witt Aquatics and Sports Complex, Dunnell Nature Park and Education Center, Laurel Creek Neighborhood Center, and Mankas Neighborhood Center.[24] In 2017, a plan was adopted to improve a linear trail in Fairfield,[25] and in 2018, a plan was adopted to renovate the Allan Witt park.[26]

Golf courses[edit]

Public golf courses include Paradise Valley, and Rancho Solano.[citation needed]

Government[edit]

Government center

Prior to 2020, there were five city councilmembers, which include the Vice-Mayor and Mayor. Councilmembers are elected at large for four-year, staggered terms. Elections are held in November of even-numbered years. Beginning in November 2020, city council elections in Fairfield were conducted by district, with six district seats and an at-large mayoral seat for a total of seven council seats.[27]

As of September 2022, there were 63,897 registered voters in Fairfield; of these, 32,104 (50.2%) are Democrats, 12,810 (20.0%) are Republicans, and 14,808 (23.2%) stated no party preference.[28]

Education[edit]

Solano College
Armijo High School

Public education is administered by Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District and Travis Unified School District.

High schools in the Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District include:

High school in the Travis Unified School District include Vanden High School.

Private schools[edit]

Holy Spirit School is a Catholic private school (K-8).[citation needed]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highways include Interstate 80, Interstate 680, and State Route 12.

The Fairfield-Vacaville Hannigan railroad station opened in November 2017.[29] The station is served by Capitol Corridor trains operated by Amtrak California.[30]

Fairfield Transportation Center is a transportation hub. Fairfield and Suisun Transit provides local bus service.

Healthcare[edit]

NorthBay Medical Center is a 154-bed hospital with a level II Trauma Center.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "City Government". City of Fairfield, CA. Archived from the original on December 26, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  4. ^ "California's 8th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 5, 2023.
  5. ^ "City Councilmembers". City of Fairfield, CA. Retrieved March 5, 2023.
  6. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  7. ^ "Fairfield". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  8. ^ "Fairfield (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  9. ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c Zuckerman, Sam (June 24, 2011). "Fairfield balances on the edge as housing prices plunge". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  11. ^ "The History of Fairfield and Solano County". Visit Fairfield. April 9, 2020. Retrieved February 28, 2024.
  12. ^ "Fairfield California: History and Location". Visit Fairfield. April 9, 2020. Retrieved February 28, 2024.
  13. ^ "Solano County - LNU Lightning Complex Fire". www.solanocounty.com. Retrieved February 28, 2024.
  14. ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  15. ^ "Extreme Temperatures Around the World Twitter". Retrieved September 6, 2022.
  16. ^ "Hennessey Fire Information". CAL FIRE. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Fairfield city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 5, 2023.
  19. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Fairfield city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  20. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  21. ^ "Fact sheet" (PDF). City of Fairfield. 2022. Retrieved March 5, 2023.
  22. ^ "Solano County Library Facilities Master Plan" (PDF). Solano County Library. March 7, 2023. Retrieved March 5, 2023.
  23. ^ "Poet Laureate". City of Fairfield. Retrieved March 11, 2023.
  24. ^ "Parks and Recreation". City of Fairfield. Retrieved February 11, 2024.
  25. ^ "Central Fairfield Revitalization & Linear Park Concept Plan" (PDF). City of Fairfield. December 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2023.
  26. ^ "Allan Witt Community Park Renovation Plan Report" (PDF). City of Fairfield. March 20, 2018. Retrieved March 5, 2023.
  27. ^ "City of Fairfield, CA - City Council". www.fairfield.ca.gov.
  28. ^ "Registration by Political Subdivision by County" (PDF). California Secretary of State. September 9, 2022. Retrieved March 11, 2023.
  29. ^ "Fairfield Train Station Specific Plan". City of Fairfield. Retrieved November 13, 2017.
  30. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Commission (December 1, 2008). "MTC Closes Funding Gap for New Fairfield-Vacaville Train Station". Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
  31. ^ "Brad Bergesen Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  32. ^ "City of Fairfield, CA - Sister City Program". City of Fairfield. Retrieved July 27, 2017.

External links[edit]